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Polish physicist and photographer Andrzej Dragan applies special style to his own portraits photos that express the depth of the person and their character by enhancing facial features usually hidden away in modern photography. This style was named Dragan effect. There are many tutorials for Photoshop on the Internet to create a similar effect. Let's try to reproduce this effect in Paint.NET in two methods.
Method 1. One of the variants to create the effect shown in the article Create the Dragan photo effect in Photoshop. I will not describe it in detail, but only explain with the help of images and a brief description.
Download the image (the link to the image taken from article above) and create a copy of the 'Background' layer.
Consistently apply to a copy of the layer function from the menu Adjustments, Levels, Hue / Saturation, Curves with the parameters given in the figures below.
Apply to a copy of the layer effects High Pass (menu Effects -> Photo -> High Pass) with the default settings.
Change the layer's blending mode to Overlay and merge the both layers.
Result: before and after
Method 2. Load the previous image and create a copy of the 'Background' layer.
Consistently apply to a copy of the layer effects Sharpen and High Pass (menu Effects -> Photo -> Sharpen and Photo -> High Pass) with the settings shown in figures below.
Change the layer's blending mode to Overlay and merge the both layers. If necessary apply to the image the Hue / Saturation function (menu Adjustments -> Hue / Saturation), changing a saturation from 60 to 140.
In my opinion, the second method is more expressive.
Also see: CodeLab - First Steps (Dragan Effect).